Difference between revisions of "Paper shredders"

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==Principles of operation==
 
==Principles of operation==
There are two types of shredder: strip-cut and cross-cut. Strip-cut shredders simply cut the paper into narrow strips which, with patence, could be reassembled. Cross-cut shredders are considerably more secure as these chop each trip into many short sections.
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There are two types of shredder: strip-cut and cross-cut. Strip-cut shredders simply cut the paper into narrow strips which, with patience, could be reassembled. Cross-cut shredders are considerably more secure as these chop each strip into many short sections.
  
The shredding action is accomplished by two interlocking sets of circular cutterrs which rotate in oposit directions. The paper is drawn in between them so cutting into strips, and in a cross-cut shredder, the circular cutters also have spike which break up each strip.
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The shredding action is accomplished by two interlocking sets of circular cutterrs which rotate in oposit directions. The paper is drawn in between them so cutting into strips. In a cross-cut shredder, the circular cutters also have spikes which break up each strip.
  
The cutters are driven by a fairly powerful motor, always an [[Electric_motors#DC_and_Universal_(AC/DC)_Motors|AC/DC motor]] through a gear chain to reduce the spead and increase the torque. A switch controls power to the motor. This is normally a 3 position switch with off, forward and reverse positions. The reverse position can be used in the case of a jam, to feed the paper out again. In this position, the connections to the field winding of the electric motor (or to the brushes) are reversed, causing it to run backwards.
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The cutters are driven by a fairly powerful motor (always an [[Electric_motors#DC_and_Universal_(AC/DC)_Motors|AC/DC motor]]) through a gear chain to reduce the speed and increase the torque. A switch controls power to the motor. This is normally a 3 position switch with off, forward and reverse positions. The reverse position can be used in the case of a jam, to feed the paper back out again. In this position, the connections to the field winding of the electric motor (or to the brushes) are reversed, causing it to run backwards.
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A mechanical or optical sesnsor detect when a piece of paper is inserted into the feed slot, only allowing the motor to run when this happens.
  
 
==Electrical problems==
 
==Electrical problems==

Revision as of 19:40, 27 May 2020

This page covers the mechanical and electrical problems that can arise with domestic paper shredders.

Summary

Paper shredders are simple electromechanical devices but a fairly powerful motor is required to operate the shredding mechanism, and that power can break things internally.Problems can be divided into mechanical and electrical, but your first task might be to determine which it is in your particular case.

Safety

Warning03.png
Always unplug before opening the device.
Keep fingers, hair and loose clothing well away from the mechanism.

Principles of operation

There are two types of shredder: strip-cut and cross-cut. Strip-cut shredders simply cut the paper into narrow strips which, with patience, could be reassembled. Cross-cut shredders are considerably more secure as these chop each strip into many short sections.

The shredding action is accomplished by two interlocking sets of circular cutterrs which rotate in oposit directions. The paper is drawn in between them so cutting into strips. In a cross-cut shredder, the circular cutters also have spikes which break up each strip.

The cutters are driven by a fairly powerful motor (always an AC/DC motor) through a gear chain to reduce the speed and increase the torque. A switch controls power to the motor. This is normally a 3 position switch with off, forward and reverse positions. The reverse position can be used in the case of a jam, to feed the paper back out again. In this position, the connections to the field winding of the electric motor (or to the brushes) are reversed, causing it to run backwards.

A mechanical or optical sesnsor detect when a piece of paper is inserted into the feed slot, only allowing the motor to run when this happens.

Electrical problems

Mechanical problems

External links

  • External links (if any) as bullet points.
  • If non, delete this section.